0001104659-21-010314 S-3 6 20210201 20210201 Annovis Bio, Inc. 0001477845 2834 262540421 DE 1231 S-3 33 333-252625 21577832 1055 WESTLAKES DRIVE, SUITE 300 BERWYN PA 19312 610-727-3913 1055 WESTLAKES DRIVE, SUITE 300 BERWYN PA 19312 QR Pharma, Inc. 20091202 S-3 1 tm213941-1_s3.htm S-3 tm213941-1_s3 - none - 2.4218381s
As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 1, 2021
Registration No. 333-         
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM S-3
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
Annovis Bio, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
26-2540421
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
1055 Westlakes Drive, Suite 300
Berwyn, PA 19312
(610) 727-3913
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)
Maria Maccecchini, Ph.D.
President and Chief Executive Officer
Annovis Bio, Inc.
1055 Westlakes Drive, Suite 300
Berwyn, PA 19312
(610) 727-3913
(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)
Copies to:
Kathleen M. Shay, Esq.
Darrick M. Mix, Esq.
Duane Morris LLP
30 South 17th Street
Philadelphia, PA 19103
(215) 979-1227
Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after the effective date of this Registration Statement.
If the only securities being registered on this Form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box. ☐
If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, other than securities offered only in connection with dividend or interest reinvestment plans, check the following box. ☒
If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
If this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.D. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box. ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.D. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ☒
CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE
Title of each class of Securities
to be Registered
Amount to be Registered/Proposed maximum
offering price per unit/proposed maximum offering price
Amount of
Registration Fee
Common stock, $0.0001 par value per share
(1)
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value per share
(1)
Warrants
(1)
Units
(1)
Total
$250,000,000(2)
$27,275.00(3)
(1)
An unspecified number of securities or aggregate principal amount, as applicable, is being registered as may from time to time be offered at unspecified prices.
(2)
Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee. No separate consideration will be received for shares of common stock that are issued upon conversion of preferred stock or upon exercise of common stock warrants registered hereunder. The aggregate maximum offering price of all securities issued pursuant to this registration statement will not exceed $250,000,000.
(3)
The registration fee has been calculated in accordance with Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment that specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act, or until this registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

The information contained in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where such offer or sale is not permitted.
SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED FEBRUARY 1, 2021
PROSPECTUS
[MISSING IMAGE: lg_annovis-4c.jpg]
$250,000,000
Common Stock
Preferred Stock
Warrants
Units
We may offer and sell from time to time shares of common stock, shares of preferred stock, warrants, or any combination of those securities, either individually or in units, up to an aggregate initial offering price of $250,000,000, in one or more transactions under this prospectus. The securities may be offered in amounts, at prices and on terms to be determined based on market conditions at the time of sale and set forth in an accompanying prospectus supplement.
This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities that we may offer. Each time we offer securities, we will provide you with a prospectus supplement that describes specific information about the particular securities being offered and may add, update or change information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement, together with the additional information that is incorporated by reference into this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement, before you invest in any of our securities.
The securities may be sold by us to or through underwriters or dealers, directly to purchasers or through agents designated from time to time, or through a combination of these methods. For additional information on the methods of sale, you should refer to the section entitled “Plan of Distribution” in this prospectus and the comparable section of any applicable prospectus supplement. If any underwriters are involved in the sale of the securities with respect to which this prospectus is being delivered, the names of such underwriters and any applicable discounts or commissions and options will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.
Our common stock is listed on the NYSE American under the ticker symbol “ANVS.” On January 29, 2021, the last reported sale price per share of our common stock on the NYSE American was $9.98 per share. We have not yet determined whether the other securities that may be offered by this prospectus will be listed on any exchange, interdealer quotation system or over-the-counter market. If we decide to seek the listing of any such securities upon issuance, the prospectus supplement relating to those securities will disclose the exchange, quotation system or market on which those securities will be listed.
INVESTING IN OUR SECURITIES INVOLVES A HIGH DEGREE OF RISK. RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH AN INVESTMENT IN OUR SECURITIES WILL BE DESCRIBED IN THE APPLICABLE PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT AND CERTAIN OF OUR FILINGS WITH THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE INTO THIS PROSPECTUS, AS DESCRIBED UNDER “RISK FACTORS” ON PAGE 5.
You should read this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement together with additional information described under the heading “Where You Can Find Additional Information” before you make your investment decision.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
The date of this prospectus is February 1, 2021.

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
As used in this prospectus, unless the context otherwise requires, the terms “Annovis,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Annovis Bio, Inc.
This prospectus is a part of a registration statement that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, (the “SEC”), using a “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, we may offer to sell any of the securities, or any combination of the securities, described in this prospectus, in each case, in one or more offerings, up to an aggregate dollar amount of $250,000,000.
This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities that we may offer. Each time securities are sold under this registration statement, we will provide an accompanying prospectus supplement that will contain specific information about the terms of those securities and the terms of that offering. The accompanying prospectus supplement may also add, update or change information contained in this prospectus. If there is any inconsistency between the information in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement, you should rely on the information in the accompanying prospectus supplement. You should read both this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement, including all documents incorporated by reference herein and therein, together with the additional information described under “Where You Can Find Additional Information” below.
The information contained in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. You should rely only on the information provided in or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or in any accompanying prospectus supplement, or documents to which we otherwise refer you. We have not authorized anyone else to provide you with different information.
We have not authorized any dealer, agent or other person to give any information or to make any representation other than those contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement. You must not rely upon any information or representation not contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or an accompanying prospectus supplement. This prospectus and the accompanying prospectus supplement, if any, do not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any securities other than the registered securities to which they relate, nor do this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement, if any, constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy securities in any jurisdiction to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation in such jurisdiction. You should not assume that the information contained in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement is accurate on any date subsequent to the date set forth on the front of such document or that any information we have incorporated by reference is correct on any date subsequent to the date of the document incorporated by reference, even though this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement is delivered, or securities are sold on a later date.
 
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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This prospectus, including documents incorporated by reference, any applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, contain forward-looking statements, as defined in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “objective,” “ongoing,” “plan,” “predict,” “project,” “potential,” “should,” “will,” or “would,” and or the negative of these terms, or other comparable terminology intended to identify statements about the future. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from the information expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that we have a reasonable basis for each forward-looking statement contained in this prospectus, we caution you that these statements are based on a combination of facts and factors currently known by us and our expectations of the future, about which we cannot be certain.
The forward-looking statements in this prospectus include, among other things, statements about:

our business strategies;

the timing of regulatory submissions;

our ability to obtain and maintain regulatory approval of our existing product candidates and any other product candidates we may develop, and the labeling under any approval we may obtain;

risks relating to the timing and costs of clinical trials and the timing and costs of other expenses;

risks related to market acceptance of products;

risks associated with our reliance on third-party organizations;

our competitive position;

assumptions regarding the size of the available market, product pricing and timing of commercialization of our product candidates;

our intellectual property position and our ability to maintain and protect our intellectual property rights;

our results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, prospects, and growth strategies;

our cash needs and financing plans;

the industry in which we operate; and

the trends that may affect the industry or us.
We cannot guarantee that the results and other expectations expressed, anticipated or implied in any forward-looking statement will be realized. The risks set forth under Item 1A of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, as revised or supplemented by our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and other documents we file with the SEC, describe material risks to our business, and you should read and interpret any forward-looking statements together with these risks. A variety of factors, including these risks, could cause our actual results and other expectations to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed, anticipated or implied in our forward-looking statements. Should known or unknown risks materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove inaccurate, actual results could differ materially from past results and those anticipated, estimated or projected in the forward-looking statements. You should bear this in mind as you consider any forward-looking statements.
You should read this prospectus, including documents incorporated by reference, any applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. The forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus are made as of the date of this prospectus and we do not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.
 
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THE COMPANY
We are a clinical stage, drug platform company addressing neurodegeneration such as Alzheimer’s disease (“AD”), Parkinson’s disease (“PD”) and Alzheimer’s disease in Down Syndrome (“AD-DS”). Our lead compound, ANVS401, is a small molecule administered orally that attacks neurodegeneration by entering the brain and inhibiting the translation of neurotoxic proteins — amyloid precursor protein APP/Aβ (“APP”), tau/phospho-tau (“tau”) and α-Synuclein (“αSYN”) — thereby improving axonal transport. Human studies in four mildly cognitive impaired (“MCI”) patients have shown that ANVS401 lowered the levels of neurotoxic proteins and inflammatory factors. In preclinical studies, lower neurotoxic protein levels led to improved axonal transport, reduced inflammation, lower nerve cell death and improved function.
We believe that ANVS401 has the potential to be the first drug to interfere with the underlying mechanism of neurodegeneration. ANVS401 is a small, once a day, orally administered, brain penetrant inhibitor of neurotoxic proteins. The biological activity of ANVS401 has been evaluated in 20 animal studies conducted in leading institutions such as the Karolinska Institute, Columbia University and Harvard University. 18 of the studies are published and two are presently manuscripts in preparation. We also conducted three clinical trials with 125 humans including two safety studies in 120 healthy volunteers and a proof-of-concept study in four MCI patients with Parexel, an international clinical research organization. In these studies, we showed that ANVS401 was well tolerated and we saw promising clinical signals: in all four patients, ANVS401 reduced the levels of APP, tau and αSYN (αSYN is an unpublished, not statistically significant observation) and lowered inflammatory factors.
We are presently conducting a Phase 2a clinical trial in 24 AD patients in collaboration with the Alzheimer’s Disease Cooperative Study (“ADCS”) and a second Phase 2a clinical trial of ANVS401 with 14 AD patients and 54 PD patients (the “AD/PD Trial”), which began treating patients in August 2020.
We were incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware in 2008. Our principal executive offices are located at 1055 Westlakes Drive, Suite 300, Berwyn, PA 19312. Our telephone number is 610-727-3913. Our website address is www.annovisbio.com. The information contained in, or accessible through, our website does not constitute a part of this prospectus.
 
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RISK FACTORS
Investing in any securities offered pursuant to this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement involves risk. The prospectus supplement applicable to each offering of our securities will contain a discussion of the risks applicable to an investment in any such securities. Prior to making a decision about investing in any securities offered, you should carefully consider the specific factors discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” in the applicable prospectus supplement, together with all of the other information contained or incorporated by reference in the prospectus supplement or appearing or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. You should also consider the risks, uncertainties and assumptions discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and any subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and other documents that we file with the SEC, which are incorporated herein by reference as described in this prospectus under the heading “Where You Can Find Additional Information”. The risks and uncertainties we have described in such documents are not the only risks that we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us may also affect our operations.
 
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USE OF PROCEEDS
Except as otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement relating to a specific offering, we intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of securities by us under this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement for general corporate purposes, which may include working capital, capital expenditures, research and development expenditures, clinical trial expenditures, acquisitions of new technologies, products or businesses, and investments. Pending these uses, we expect to invest the net proceeds in short-term, investment-grade securities.
 
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GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF OUR SECURITIES
We may offer and sell, at any time and from time to time:

shares of our common stock;

shares of our preferred stock;

warrants to purchase common shares;

units consisting of a combination of the foregoing securities; or

any combination of these securities.
This prospectus contains summary descriptions of the common stock, preferred stock, warrants, and units that we may offer and sell from time to time. When particular securities are offered by us, a supplement to this prospectus will describe the terms of the securities and the extent to which these general descriptions may apply. These summary descriptions and any summary descriptions in the applicable prospectus supplement are not complete descriptions of the terms and conditions of each security and are qualified in their entirety by reference to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated bylaws which are incorporated by reference in the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. Please refer to “Where You Can Find Additional Information” below for directions on obtaining these documents. If any particular terms of a security described in the applicable prospectus supplement differ from any of the terms described in this prospectus, then the terms described in this prospectus will be deemed superseded by the terms set forth in that prospectus supplement.
 
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DESCRIPTION OF OUR CAPITAL STOCK
Authorized and Outstanding Shares
Our authorized share capital consists of 37,000,000 shares of capital stock, each with a par value of $0.0001 per share. Of these shares, 35,000,000 shall be common stock and 2,000,000 shall be preferred stock. As of January 29, 2021, there were 6,906,137 shares of common stock outstanding and no shares of preferred stock outstanding.
Common Stock
Voting
The holders of our common stock are entitled to one vote for each share of common stock held on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. There is no cumulative voting. An election of directors by our stockholders shall be determined by a plurality of the votes cast by stockholders entitled to vote in the election. Subject to the supermajority votes for some matters, other matters shall be decided by the affirmative vote of our stockholders having a majority in voting power of the votes cast by the stockholders present or represented and voting on such matter.
Dividends
Subject to the rights of holders of all classes of our stock outstanding having rights that are senior to or equivalent to holders of common stock, the holders of the common stock are entitled to receive proportionately any dividends when and as declared by our board of directors.
Liquidation
In the event of our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, the holders of common stock are entitled to receive on a pro rata basis our net assets available for distribution to stockholders after the payment of all debts and other liabilities, subject to the rights of holders of all classes of our stock outstanding having rights that are senior to or equivalent to holders of common stock.
Other
Holders of common stock have no preemptive, subscription, redemption or conversion rights.
All of our outstanding shares of common stock are fully paid and nonassessable, and any shares of common stock to be issued upon an offering pursuant to this prospectus and the related prospectus supplement will be fully paid and nonassessable upon issuance.
Preferred Stock
Under the terms of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, our board of directors is authorized to direct us to issue shares of preferred stock in one or more series without stockholder approval. Our board of directors has the discretion to determine the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions, including voting rights, dividend rights, conversion rights, redemption privileges and liquidation preferences, of each series of preferred stock.
We will fix the designations, powers, preferences and rights of the preferred stock of each series, as well as the qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereon, in the certificate of designation relating to that series. The applicable prospectus supplement will contain the terms of and other information relating to the preferred stock which will include, as applicable:

the title and stated value;

the number of shares we are offering;

the liquidation preference per share;

the purchase price;
 
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the dividend rate, period and payment date and method of calculation for dividends;

whether dividends will be cumulative or non-cumulative and, if cumulative, the date from which dividends will accumulate;

the procedures for any auction and remarketing, if any;

the provisions for a sinking fund, if any;

the provisions for redemption or repurchase, if applicable, and any restrictions on our ability to exercise those redemption and repurchase rights;

any listing of the preferred stock on any securities exchange or market;

whether the preferred stock will be convertible into our common stock, and, if applicable, the conversion price, or how it will be calculated, and the conversion period;

voting rights, if any, of the preferred stock;

preemptive rights, if any;

restrictions on transfer, sale or other assignment, if any;

whether interests in the preferred stock will be represented by depositary shares;

a discussion of any material United States federal income tax considerations applicable to the preferred stock;

the relative ranking and preferences of the preferred stock as to dividend rights and rights if we liquidate, dissolve or wind up our affairs;

any limitations on the issuance of any class or series of preferred stock ranking senior to or on a parity with the series of preferred stock as to dividend rights and rights if we liquidate, dissolve or wind up our affairs; and

any other specific terms, preferences, rights or limitations of, or restrictions on, the preferred stock.
Our board of directors may authorize the issuance of preferred stock with voting, conversion or other rights that could adversely affect the voting power or other rights of the holders of our common stock. Preferred stock could be issued quickly with terms designed to delay or prevent a change in control of our company or make removal of management more difficult. Additionally, the issuance of preferred stock may have the effect of decreasing the market price of our common stock.
Registration Rights
Under our registration rights agreement dated as of December 19, 2014, the holders of approximately 2,273,847 shares of common stock, or their transferees, have the right to require us to register their shares under the Securities Act so that those shares may be publicly resold, or to include their shares in any registration statement we file, in each case as further described below.
Demand Registration Rights
Commencing on July 29, 2020, if holders of more than 50% of the securities registerable under the registration rights agreement request us to file a registration statement under the Securities Act for a public offering of such shares of registrable securities having an aggregate offering price of at least $10,000,000, we must, within ten days after the receipt of such notice, notify all holders of registrable securities of such request and shall use its reasonably diligent efforts to register under the Securities Act the registrable securities of all holders who so request within 90 days after the date of our notice; provided, however, that we are obligated to register only shares of common stock pursuant to the agreement. We are obligated to effect a maximum of two such demand registrations.
 
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Piggyback/Incidental Registration Rights
Whenever we propose to register any common stock for our own or others’ account under the Securities Act for a public offering for cash, other than a registration relating to employee benefit plans, we must give each holder of registrable securities prompt written notice of its intent to do so. Upon the written request of any such holder given within 10 days after receipt of such notice, we will cause to be included in such registration all of the registrable securities that such holder requests; provided, however, that we are obligated to register only shares of our common stock pursuant to the agreement. If we are advised in writing by any managing underwriter of the securities being offered pursuant to any registration statement that the number of shares to be sold by persons other than us is greater than the number of such shares that can be offered without adversely affecting the offering, we may reduce pro rata the number of shares of registrable securities offered for the accounts of such persons to a number deemed satisfactory by such managing underwriter; and a managing underwriter will have the right to exclude registrable securities entirely pursuant to the preceding clause.
Form S-3 Registration Rights
If, at a time when Form S-3 (or any successor thereto) is available for such registration, we receive from holders of more than 15% of the registrable securities a written request or requests that we effect a registration on Form S-3 of registrable securities having an aggregate offering price of at least $5,000,000 (based on the then current public market price), we will promptly give written notice of the proposed registration to all other holders of registrable securities and, as soon as reasonably practicable, effect such registration and all such related qualifications and compliances as may be requested and as would permit the sale and distribution of all registrable securities as are specified in such request and any written requests of other holders given within 10 days after receipt of such notice; provided, however, that the Company shall not be obligated to effect any such registration pursuant to the agreement: (i) if Form S-3 is not available for such offering by the applicable holders; or (ii) if we furnish to the applicable holders a certificate signed by the chief executive officer stating that in the good faith judgment of the board of directors, it would be seriously detrimental to us and our stockholders for such Form S-3 registration to be effected at such time, in which event we will have the right to defer the filing of the Form S-3 registration statement for a period of not more than 120 days after receipt of the request of the holder or holders; provided, however, that we may not utilize this right more than twice in any 12-month period. We are not obligated to file more than two registrations under this provision.
Other Provisions and Expenses
A registrable security will cease to be a registrable security when (i) a registration statement covering such registrable security has been declared effective by the SEC and it has been disposed of pursuant to such effective registration statement; or (ii) such registrable security could be sold pursuant to Rule 144 (or any successor or comparable provision) without any volume restriction.
Other than underwriting discounts and commissions and certain other expenses, we will be required to pay all expenses incurred by us related to any registration effected pursuant to the exercise of these registration rights. These expenses may include all registration and filing fees, printing expenses, fees and disbursements of our counsel, reasonable fees and disbursements of a counsel for the selling securityholders and blue-sky fees and expenses.
Anti-Takeover Effects of Delaware Law and Our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws
Some provisions of Delaware law, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated bylaws could make the following transactions more difficult: an acquisition of us by means of a tender offer; an acquisition of us by means of a proxy contest or otherwise; or the removal of our incumbent officers and directors. It is possible that these provisions could make it more difficult to accomplish or could deter transactions that stockholders may otherwise consider to be in their best interest or in our best interests, including transactions which provide for payment of a premium over the market price for our shares.
 
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These provisions, summarized below, are intended to discourage coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids. These provisions are also designed to encourage persons seeking to acquire control of us to first negotiate with our board of directors. We believe that the benefits of the increased protection of our potential ability to negotiate with the proponent of an unfriendly or unsolicited proposal to acquire or restructure us outweigh the disadvantages of discouraging these proposals because negotiation of these proposals could result in an improvement of their terms.
Authorized but Unissued Shares
Our authorized but unissued shares of common stock and preferred stock are available for future issuance without stockholder approval. These additional shares may be utilized for a variety of corporate purposes, including future public offerings to raise additional capital and corporate acquisitions. The existence of authorized but unissued shares of common stock and preferred stock could render more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control of a majority of our common stock by means of a proxy contest, tender offer, merger or otherwise.
Stockholder Meetings
Any action to be taken by our stockholders must be effected at a duly called annual or special meeting of stockholders and not be taken by written consent.
Requirements for Advance Notification of Stockholder Nominations and Proposals
Stockholders seeking to present proposals before a meeting of stockholders or to nominate candidates for election as directors at a meeting of stockholders must provide advance notice in writing, and also specify requirements as to the form and content of a stockholder’s notice.
Delaware Anti-Takeover Statute
We are subject to Section 203 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware, which prohibits persons deemed to be “interested stockholders” from engaging in a “business combination” with a publicly held Delaware corporation for three years following the date these persons become interested stockholders unless the business combination is, or the transaction in which the person became an interested stockholder was, approved in a prescribed manner or another prescribed exception applies. Generally, an “interested stockholder” is a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns, or within three years prior to the determination of interested stockholder status did own, 15% or more of a corporation’s voting stock. Generally, a “business combination” includes a merger, asset or stock sale, or other transaction resulting in a financial benefit to the interested stockholder. The existence of this provision may have an anti-takeover effect with respect to transactions not approved in advance by the board of directors.
Choice of Forum
The Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware is the exclusive forum in which we and our directors may be sued by our stockholders, to the fullest extent permitted by law, for:

any derivative action or proceeding brought on our behalf;

any action asserting a breach of fiduciary duty;

any action asserting a claim against us arising pursuant to the Delaware General Corporation Law, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, or our amended and restated bylaws; or

or any action asserting a claim against us that is governed by the internal affairs doctrine.
Our amended and restated bylaws will not apply to suits brought to enforce a duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, or any other claim for which federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction.
These choice of forum provisions may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with us or any of our directors, officers, or other employees, which may
 
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discourage lawsuits with respect to such claims. Alternatively, if a court were to find either choice of forum provision contained in our amended and restated bylaws to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could harm our business, results of operations, and financial condition.
Advance Notice Requirements
Our bylaws establish an advance notice procedure for stockholder proposals to be brought before an annual meeting of our stockholders, including proposed nominations of persons for election to the board of directors. Stockholders at an annual meeting will only be able to consider proposals or nominations specified in the notice of meeting or brought before the meeting by or at the direction of the board of directors or by a stockholder who was a stockholder of record on the record date for the meeting, who is entitled to vote at the meeting and who has given our Secretary timely written notice, in proper form, of the stockholder’s intention to bring that business before the meeting. Although our bylaws do not give the board of directors the power to approve or disapprove stockholder nominations of candidates or proposals regarding other business to be conducted at a special or annual meeting, our bylaws may have the effect of precluding the conduct of certain business at a meeting if the proper procedures are not followed or may discourage or deter a potential acquirer from conducting a solicitation of proxies to elect its own slate of directors or otherwise attempting to obtain control of us.
The NYSE American
Our common stock is listed on the NYSE American under the symbol “ANVS.”
Transfer Agent and Registrar
The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC.
 
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DESCRIPTION OF OUR WARRANTS
We may issue warrants to purchase our common stock and/or preferred stock in one or more series. We may issue warrants independently or together with common stock and/or preferred stock, and the warrants may be attached to or separate from these securities.
The terms of each series of warrants will be contained in the applicable warrant agreements. The applicable prospectus supplement for the warrants will contain the terms of and other information relating to the warrants which will include, as applicable:

the offering price and aggregate number of warrants offered;

the currency in which the offering price, if any, and the exercise price are payable;

the designation and terms of the securities with which the warrants are issued and the number of warrants issued with each such security or each principal amount of such security;

the date on and after which the warrants and the related securities will be separately transferable;

in the case of warrants to purchase common stock or preferred stock, the exercise price and the number of shares of common stock or preferred stock, as applicable, to be received upon exercise of the warrants;

the date on which the right to exercise the warrants will begin and the date on which that right will expire or, if the warrants may not be continuously exercised throughout that period, the specific date or dates on which the warrants may be exercised;

a discussion of any material United States federal income tax considerations related to the holding or exercise of the warrants;

the identity of the warrant agent for the warrants, if any, and of any other depositaries, execution or paying agents, transfer agents, registrars or other agents;

any provisions for changes to or adjustments in the exercise price or number of securities issuable upon exercise of the warrants;

the designation and terms of the securities issuable upon exercise of the warrants;

the minimum or maximum amount of the warrants that may be exercised at any one time;

the anti-dilution provisions of the warrants, if any;

the rights to redeem or call the warrants, if any;

the effect of any merger, consolidation, sale or other disposition of our business on the warrant agreement and the warrants; and

any other specific terms, preferences, rights and limitations of or restrictions on the warrants.
Before the exercise of their warrants, holders of warrants will not have any of the rights of holders of the securities issuable upon exercise. Holders of warrants to purchase common stock or preferred stock will not be entitled to vote, consent, receive dividends, receive notice as stockholders with respect to any meeting of stockholders for the election of our directors, receive payments upon our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, or to exercise any rights whatsoever as our stockholders.
Transfer Agent and Registrar
The transfer agent and registrar for any warrants will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.
 
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DESCRIPTION OF OUR UNITS
The following description, together with the additional information we include in any applicable prospectus supplement, summarizes the material terms and provisions of the units that we may offer under this prospectus. Units may be offered independently or together with common stock, preferred stock or warrants offered by any prospectus supplement, and may be attached to or separate from those securities. While the terms we have summarized below will generally apply to any future units that we may offer under this prospectus, we will describe the particular terms of any series of units that we may
offer in more detail in the applicable prospectus supplement. The terms of any units offered under an applicable prospectus supplement may differ from the terms described below.
We will incorporate by reference into the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part the form of unit agreement, including a form of unit certificate, if any, that describes the terms of the series of units we are offering before the issuance of the related series of units. The following summaries of material provisions of the units, and the unit agreements, are subject to, and qualified in their entirety by reference to, all the provisions of the unit agreement applicable to a particular series of units. We urge you
to read the applicable prospectus supplements related to the units that we sell under this prospectus, as well as the complete unit agreements that contain the terms of the units.
We may issue units comprised of one or more of the securities described in this prospectus in any combination. Each unit will be issued so that the holder of the unit is also the holder of each security included in the unit. Thus, the holder of a unit will have the rights and obligations of a holder of each included security. The unit agreement, if any, under which a unit is issued may provide that the securities comprising the unit may not be held or transferred separately, at any time or at any time before a specified date.
The particular terms and provisions of units offered by an applicable prospectus supplement, and the extent to which the general terms and provisions described below may apply thereto, will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement filed in respect of such units. This description will include, where applicable:

the designation and aggregate number of units offered;

the price at which the units will be offered;

the rights and obligations of the unit agent, if any;

the currency or currencies in which the units are denominated;

any provisions of the governing unit agreement that differ from those described below;

the terms of the units and of the securities comprising the units, including whether and under what circumstances those securities may be held or transferred separately;

the number of securities that may be purchased upon exercise of each unit and the price at which the currency or currencies in which that amount of securities may be purchased upon exercise of each unit;

any provisions for the issuance, payment, settlement, transfer, adjustment or exchange of the units or of the securities comprising the units; and

any other material terms of the units.
We reserve the right to set forth in an applicable prospectus supplement specific terms of the units that are not within the options and parameters set forth in this prospectus. In addition, to the extent that any particular terms of the units described in an applicable prospectus supplement differ from any of the terms described in this prospectus, the description of such terms set forth in this prospectus shall be deemed to have been superseded by the description of the differing terms set forth in such prospectus supplement with respect to such units.
 
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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION
We may sell the securities, from time to time, to or through underwriters or dealers, through agents or remarketing firms, or directly to one or more purchasers pursuant to:

underwritten public offerings;

negotiated transactions;

block trades;

“At the Market Offerings,” within the meaning of Rule 415(a)(4) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, into an existing trading market, at prevailing market prices; or

through a combination of these methods.
We may sell the securities to or through one or more underwriters or dealers (acting as principal or agent), through agents, or directly to one or more purchasers.
We may distribute securities from time to time in one or more transactions:

at a fixed price or prices, which may be changed;

at market prices prevailing at the time of sale;

at prices related to such prevailing market prices; or

at negotiated prices.
A prospectus supplement or supplements (and any related free writing prospectus that we may authorize to be provided to you) will describe the terms of the offering of the securities, including, to the extent applicable:

the name or names of the underwriters, dealers or agents, if any;

if the securities are to be offered through the selling efforts of brokers or dealers, the plan of distribution and the terms of any agreement, arrangement, or understanding entered into with broker(s) or dealer(s) prior to the effective date of the registration statement, and, if known, the identity of any broker(s) or dealer(s) who will participate in the offering and the amount to be offered through each;

the purchase price of the securities or other consideration therefor, and the proceeds, if any, we will receive from the sale;

if any of the securities being registered are to be offered otherwise than for cash, the general purposes of the distribution, the basis upon which the securities are to be offered, the amount of compensation and other expenses of distribution, and by whom they are to be borne;

any delayed delivery arrangements;

any over-allotment or other options under which underwriters may purchase additional securities from us;

any agency fees or underwriting discounts and other items constituting agents’ or underwriters’ compensation;

any public offering price;

any discounts, commissions or concessions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers;

the identity and relationships of any finders, if applicable; and

any securities exchange or market on which the securities may be listed.
In compliance with the guidelines of FINRA, the maximum compensation to the underwriters or dealers in connection with the sale by the Company of its securities pursuant to this prospectus and the accompanying supplement to this prospectus may not exceed 8% of the aggregate offering price of the securities as set forth on the cover page of any prospectus supplement.
 
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Only underwriters named in the prospectus supplement will be underwriters of the securities offered by the prospectus supplement.
If underwriters are used in the sale, they will acquire the securities for their own account and may resell the securities from time to time in one or more transactions at a fixed public offering price or at varying prices determined at the time of sale. The obligations of the underwriters to purchase the securities will be subject to the conditions set forth in the applicable underwriting agreement. We may offer the securities to the public through underwriting syndicates represented by managing underwriters or by underwriters without a syndicate. Unless otherwise indicated in the prospectus supplement, subject to certain conditions, the underwriters will be obligated to purchase all of the securities offered by the prospectus supplement, other than securities covered by any underwriter’s option. Any public offering price and any discounts or concessions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers may change from time to time. We may use underwriters, dealers or agents with whom we have a material relationship. We will describe in the prospectus supplement, naming the underwriter, dealer or agent, the nature of any such relationship.
We may use a remarketing firm to offer the securities in connection with a remarketing arrangement upon their purchase. Remarketing firms will act as principals for their own account or as agents for us. These remarketing firms will offer or sell the securities pursuant to the terms of the securities. A prospectus supplement will identify any remarketing firm and the terms of its agreement, if any, with us and will describe the remarketing firm’s compensation. Remarketing firms may be deemed to be underwriters in connection the securities they remarket.
If we offer and sell securities through a dealer, we or an underwriter will sell the securities to the dealer, as principal. The dealer may then resell the securities to the public at varying prices to be determined by the dealer at the time of resale. The name of the dealer and the terms of the transaction will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.
We may sell securities directly or through agents we designate from time to time. We will name any agent involved in the offering and sale of securities and we will describe any commissions payable to the agent in the prospectus supplement. Unless the prospectus supplement states otherwise, the agent will act on a best-efforts basis for the period of its appointment.
Dealers and agents participating in the distribution of the securities may be deemed to be underwriters, and compensation received by them on resale of the securities may be deemed to be underwriting discounts. If such dealers or agents were deemed to be underwriters, they may be subject to statutory liabilities under the Securities Act.
We may sell securities directly to one or more purchasers without using underwriters or agents. Underwriters, dealers and agents that participate in the distribution of the securities may be underwriters as defined in the Securities Act, and any discounts or commissions they receive from us and any profit on their resale of the securities may be treated as underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act.
We may authorize agents or underwriters to solicit offers by certain types of institutional investors to purchase securities from us at the public offering price set forth in the prospectus supplement pursuant to delayed delivery contracts providing for payment and delivery on a specified date in the future. We will describe the conditions to these contracts and the commissions we must pay for solicitation of these contracts in the prospectus supplement.
We may provide agents, underwriters and dealers with indemnification against civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or contribution with respect to payments that the agents, underwriters or dealers may make with respect to these liabilities. Agents, underwriters and dealers, or their respective affiliates, may engage in transactions with, or perform services for, us in the ordinary course of business.
The securities we offer may be new issues of securities and may have no established trading market. The securities may or may not be listed on a securities exchange. Underwriters may make a market in these securities but will not be obligated to do so and may discontinue any market making at any time without notice. We can make no assurance as to the liquidity of, or the existence of trading markets for, any of the securities.
 
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Any underwriter may engage in over-allotment, stabilizing transactions, short-covering transactions and penalty bids in accordance with Regulation M under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. Over-allotment involves sales in excess of the offering size, which create a short position. Stabilizing transactions permit bids to purchase the underlying security so long as the stabilizing bids do not exceed a specified maximum price. Syndicate-covering or other short-covering transactions involve purchases of the securities, either through exercise of the over-allotment option or in the open market after the distribution is completed, to cover short positions. Penalty bids permit the underwriters to reclaim a selling concession from a dealer when the securities originally sold by the dealer are purchased in a stabilizing or covering transaction to cover short positions. Those activities may cause the price of the securities to be higher than it would otherwise be. If commenced, the underwriters may discontinue any of the activities at any time.
Any underwriters that are qualified market makers on the NYSE American may engage in passive market making transactions in the common stock on the NYSE American in accordance with Regulation M under the Exchange Act, during the business day prior to the pricing of the offering, before the commencement of offers or sales of the common stock. Passive market makers must comply with applicable volume and price limitations and must be identified as passive market makers. In general, a passive market maker must display its bid at a price not in excess of the highest independent bid for such security; if all independent bids are lowered below the passive market maker’s bid, however, the passive market maker’s bid must then be lowered when certain purchase limits are exceeded. Passive market making may stabilize the market price of the securities at a level above that which might otherwise prevail in the open market and, if commenced, may be discontinued at any time.
 
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LEGAL MATTERS
Unless otherwise specified in a prospectus supplement, certain legal matters relating to the securities will be passed upon for us by Duane Morris LLP. As appropriate, legal counsel representing the underwriters, dealers or agents will be named in the accompanying prospectus supplement and may opine to certain legal matters.
EXPERTS
The financial statements of Annovis Bio, Inc. as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the years then ended have been incorporated by reference herein in reliance upon the report of WithumSmith+Brown, PC, independent registered public accounting firm, incorporated by reference herein, upon the authority of said firm as experts in accounting and auditing.
WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION;
INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE
Available Information
We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. The SEC maintains an Internet website at http://www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. Our reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K, and amendments to those reports, are also available for download, free of charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after these reports are filed with, or furnished to, the SEC, at our website at www.annovisbio.com. Information contained on or accessible through our website is not a part of this prospectus or any prospectus supplement, and the inclusion of our website address in this prospectus is an inactive textual reference only.
Incorporation by Reference
The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” into this prospectus the information in other documents that we file with it. This means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be a part of this prospectus, and information in documents that we file later with the SEC will automatically update and supersede information contained in documents filed earlier with the SEC or contained in this prospectus.
We incorporate by reference in this prospectus the documents listed below and any future filings that we may make with the SEC under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14, or 15(d) of the Exchange Act in this prospectus, between the date of this prospectus and the termination of the offering of the securities described in this prospectus. We are not, however, incorporating by reference any documents, information or portions thereof deemed to have been furnished and not filed, including any information that we disclose under Items 2.02 or 7.01 of any Current Report on Form 8-K or related exhibits furnished pursuant to Item 9.01 of Form 8-K.
This prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement incorporate by reference the documents set forth below that have previously been filed with the SEC:


our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, 2020, June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020, filed with the SEC on May 5, 2020, July 29, 2020 and November 4, 2020, respectively;

our Current Reports on Form 8-K as filed with the SEC on February 6, 2020, April 3, 2020, June 5, 2020, and June 9, 2020 (except information included pursuant to Items 2.02 or 7.01 and exhibits related to such items);

the information specifically incorporated by reference into our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 from our Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A, filed with the SEC on April 24, 2020 (other than the portions thereof that are furnished and not filed); and
 
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You may request, orally or in writing, a copy of any or all of the documents incorporated herein by reference. These documents will be provided to you at no cost, by contacting: Annovis Bio, Inc., 1055 Westlakes Drive, Suite 300, Berwyn, Pennsylvania 19312. In addition, copies of any or all of the documents incorporated herein by reference may be accessed at our website at www.annovisbio.com. The information on such website is not incorporated by reference and is not a part of this prospectus.
 
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[MISSING IMAGE: lg_annovis-4c.jpg]
$250,000,000
Common Stock
Preferred Stock
Warrants
Units
PROSPECTUS
February 1, 2021

 
PART II
INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN THE PROSPECTUS
Item 14. Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution
The following table sets forth the estimated costs and expenses, other than underwriting discounts and commissions, payable by the registrant in connection with the offering of the securities being registered. All the amounts shown are estimates, except for the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) registration fee and Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”) filing fee. The amounts do not include the costs of preparing any prospectus supplements, NYSE American listing fees, additional FINRA filing fees, transfer agent fees or other expenses relating to the sale and distribution of particular securities registered under this registration statement, as those costs and expenses cannot be estimated at this time.
Amount to
be paid
SEC registration fee
$ 27,275
FINRA filing fee
(1)
Printing expenses
(1)
Accounting fees and expenses
(1)
Legal fees and expenses
(1)
Miscellaneous
(1)
Total $ (1)
(1)
These fees and expenses depend on the securities offered and the number of issuances and, accordingly, cannot be estimated at this time.
Item 15. Indemnification of Directors and Officers.
Section 102 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware permits a corporation to eliminate the personal liability of directors of a corporation to the corporation or its stockholders for monetary damages for a breach of fiduciary duty as a director, except where the director breached his duty of loyalty, failed to act in good faith, engaged in intentional misconduct or knowingly violated a law, authorized the payment of a dividend or approved a stock repurchase in violation of Delaware corporate law or obtained an improper personal benefit. Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that no director of ours shall be personally liable to us or our stockholders for monetary damages for any breach of fiduciary duty as a director, notwithstanding any provision of law imposing such liability, except to the extent that the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware prohibits the elimination or limitation of liability of directors for breaches of fiduciary duty.
Section 145 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware provides that a corporation has the power to indemnify a director, officer, employee, or agent of the corporation, or a person serving at the request of the corporation for another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise in related capacities against expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with an action, suit or proceeding to which he was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, ending or completed action, suit or proceeding by reason of such position, if such person acted in good faith and in a manner he reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation, and, in any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe his conduct was unlawful, except that, in the case of actions brought by or in the right of the corporation, no indemnification shall be made with respect to any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been adjudged to be liable to the corporation unless and only to the extent that the Court of Chancery or other adjudicating court determines that, despite the adjudication of liability but in view of all of the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses which the Court of Chancery or such other court shall deem proper.
 
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Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that we will indemnify each person who was or is a party or threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding (other than an action by or in the right of us) by reason of the fact that he or she is or was, or has agreed to become, a director or officer, or is or was serving, or has agreed to serve, at our request as a director, officer, partner, employee or trustee of, or in a similar capacity with, another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise (all such persons being referred to as an “Indemnitee”), or by reason of any action alleged to have been taken or omitted in such capacity, against all expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred in connection with such action, suit or proceeding and any appeal therefrom, if such Indemnitee acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in, or not opposed to, our best interests, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, he or she had no reasonable cause to believe his or her conduct was unlawful. Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that we will indemnify any Indemnitee who was or is a party to an action or suit by or in the right of us to procure a judgment in our favor by reason of the fact that the Indemnitee is or was, or has agreed to become, a director or officer, or is or was serving, or has agreed to serve, at our request as a director, officer, partner, employee or trustee of, or in a similar capacity with, another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, or by reason of any action alleged to have been taken or omitted in such capacity, against all expenses (including attorneys’ fees) and, to the extent permitted by law, amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred in connection with such action, suit or proceeding, and any appeal therefrom, if the Indemnitee acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in, or not opposed to, our best interests, except that no indemnification shall be made with respect to any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been adjudged to be liable to us, unless a court determines that, despite such adjudication but in view of all of the circumstances, he or she is entitled to indemnification of such expenses. Notwithstanding the foregoing, to the extent that any Indemnitee has been successful, on the merits or otherwise, he or she will be indemnified by us against all expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred in connection therewith. Expenses must be advanced to an Indemnitee under certain circumstances.
We have provided contractual indemnification rights to each of our directors and officers. These indemnification rights may require us, among other things, to indemnify our directors and officers for some expenses, including attorneys’ fees, judgments, fines and settlement amounts incurred by a director or officer in any action or proceeding arising out of his or her service as one of our directors or officers, or any of our subsidiaries or any other company or enterprise to which the person provides services at our request.
We maintain an insurance policy that covers certain liabilities of directors and officers of our corporation arising out of claims based on acts or omissions in their capacities as directors or officers.
In any underwriting agreement we enter into in connection with the sale of common stock being registered hereby, the underwriters will agree to indemnify, under certain conditions, us, our directors, our officers and persons who control us within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, against certain liabilities.
 
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Item 16. Exhibits.
Exhibit
Number
Description of Exhibit
 1.1* Form of Underwriting Agreement
 4.1 Specimen Certificate evidencing shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Amendment No. 3 to Form S-1 filed September 20, 2019)
 4.2 Form of Warrant to purchase common stock issued to ThinkEquity, a division of Fordham Financial Management, Inc. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to Form 10-K filed March 25, 2020)
 4.3* Form of Preferred Stock Certificate
 4.4* Form of Warrant Agreement
 4.5* Form of Unit Agreement
 5.1 Opinion of Duane Morris LLP regarding the legality of the securities being registered
23.1 Consent of WithumSmith+Brown, PC
23.2 Consent of Duane Morris LLP (included in Exhibit 5.1)
24.1 Power of Attorney (included in signature page to registration statement)
*
To be filed, if necessary, subsequent to the effectiveness of this registration statement by an amendment to this registration statement or incorporated by reference pursuant to a Current Report on Form 8-K in connection with an offering of securities.
Item 17. Undertakings.
(a)   The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:
(1)   To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:
(i)
To include any prospectus required by section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act;
(ii)
To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the SEC pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than a 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and
(iii)
To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;
provided, however, that paragraphs (i), (ii) and (iii) do not apply if the registration statement is on Form S-3 and the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the SEC by the registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is part of the registration statement.
(2)   That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
 
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(3)   To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering;
(4)   That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act to any purchaser:
(i)
Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and
(ii)
Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5) or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii) or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by Section 10(a) of the Securities Act shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which the prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date; and
(5)   That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities, the undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:
(i)
Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424;
(ii)
Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;
(iii)
The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and
(iv)
Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.
(b)   The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act that is incorporated by reference in this registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(h)   Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the SEC such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or
 
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paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.
(j)   If and when applicable, the undersigned registrant hereby undertakes to file an application for the purpose of determining the eligibility of the trustee to act under subsection (a) of Section 310 of the Trust Indenture Act in accordance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the Securities and Exchange Commission under Section 305(b)(2) of the Act.
 
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form S-3 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized in the City of Berwyn, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, on this 1st day of February 2021.
ANNOVIS BIO, INC.
By:
/s/ MARIA MACCECCHINI
Maria Maccecchini
President and Chief Executive Officer
KNOW ALL BY THESE PRESENT, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Maria Maccecchini and Jeffrey McGroarty, and each of them, his or her true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, with full power of substitution, for him or her and in his or her name, place or stead in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments including post-effective amendments to this registration statement, and any other registration statements for the same offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and to file the same, with exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to
be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as he or she might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or his or her substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, this registration statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
Signature
Title
Date
/s/ Maria Maccecchini
Maria Maccecchini
President and Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer)
February 1, 2021
/s/ Jeffrey McGroarty
Jeffrey McGroarty
Chief Financial Officer
(principal financial and accounting officer)
February 1, 2021
/s/ MICHAEL HOFFMAN
Michael Hoffman
Chairman of the Board and Director
February 1, 2021
/s/ CLAUDINE BRUCK
Claudine Bruck
Director
February 1, 2021
/s/ ROBERT WHELAN
Robert Whelan
Director
February 1, 2021
/s/ MARK WHITE
Mark White
Director
February 1, 2021
 
II-6

EX-5.1 2 tm213941d2_ex5-1.htm EXHIBIT 5.1

Exhibit 5.1

  

NEW YORK
LONDON
SINGAPORE
PHILADELPHIA
CHICAGO
WASHINGTON, DC
SAN FRANCISCO
SILICON VALLEY
SAN DIEGO
SHANGHAI
TAIWAN
BOSTON
HOUSTON
LOS ANGELES
HANOI
HO CHI MINH CITY 

 dm_logo

 

FIRM and AFFILIATE OFFICES

 

www.duanemorris.com

ATLANTA
BALTIMORE
WILMINGTON
MIAMI
BOCA RATON
PITTSBURGH
NEWARK
LAS VEGAS
CHERRY HILL
LAKE TAHOE
MYANMAR

 

ALLIANCES IN MEXICO
AND SRI LANKA

 

 

February 1, 2021

 

Annovis Bio, Inc.

1055 Westlakes Drive, Suite 300

Berwyn, PA 1931

 

Re:Exhibit 5.1 to Registration Statement on Form S-3

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

We are acting as counsel to Annovis Bio, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Corporation”), in connection with the preparation of a Registration Statement on Form S-3 (the “Registration Statement”), under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and the filing thereof with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”). The Registration Statement, including the prospectus which forms a part of the Registration Statement (the “Prospectus”, and as may be supplemented from time to time by one or more prospectus supplements (each, a “Prospectus Supplement”)), provides for the registration by the Corporation of up to a maximum aggregate offering price of $250,000,000 of any combination of the following:

 

(i)            shares of the Corporation’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Common Stock”);

 

(ii)            shares of the Corporation’s preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Preferred Stock”);

 

(iii)            warrants to purchase shares of the Common Stock and/or the Preferred Stock (the “Warrants”), that the Corporation may issue under warrant agreements between the Corporation and a warrant agent to be selected by the Corporation, to be dated on or about the date of the first issuance of the applicable Warrants thereunder; and

 

(iv)            Units comprised of one or more of the Common Stock, the Preferred Stock, and the Warrants (the “Units,” and together with the Common Stock, the Preferred Stock and the Warrants, collectively, the “Securities”).

 

Duane Morris llp
30 SOUTH 17TH STREET    PHILADELPHIA, PA 19103-4196 PHONE: 215.979.1000    FAX: 215.979.1020

 

 

DM-Name

 

February 1, 2021

Page 2

 

The Corporation is registering the Securities for offering and sale from time to time pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act.

 

For purposes of rendering this opinion letter, we have examined originals or copies (certified or otherwise identified to our satisfaction) of: (i) the Registration Statement, in the form filed and to be filed with the Commission, and the exhibits filed or to be filed in connection therewith; (ii) the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Corporation, as amended, filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware on January 30, 2020, as certified by the Secretary of the Corporation (as amended, the “Certificate of Incorporation”); (iii) the Bylaws of the Corporation, as certified by the Secretary of the Corporation (as amended, the “Bylaws”); and (iv) minutes of a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Corporation, as attested to by the Secretary of the Corporation.

 

We also have examined and relied upon the originals, or copies certified to our satisfaction, of such other records, documents, certificates and other instruments as in our judgment are necessary or appropriate to enable us to render the opinions expressed below.

 

In rendering this opinion letter, we have assumed (i) the genuineness and authenticity of all signatures on original documents, (ii)  the legal capacity of all natural persons, (iii) the authenticity of all documents submitted to us as originals, (iv) the conformity to originals of all documents submitted to us as certified, conformed or other copies and the authenticity of the originals of such documents, (v) the accuracy, completeness and authenticity of certificates of public officials, (vi) that all records and other information made available to us by the Corporation on which we have relied are complete in all material respects, and (vii) the due authorization, execution and delivery of all documents where authorization, execution and delivery are prerequisites to the effectiveness of such documents. As to all questions of fact material to the opinions expressed herein, we have relied solely upon the above-referenced certificates or comparable documents and have assumed that the statements of the Corporation contained in the Registration Statement are true and correct as to all factual matters stated therein, have not performed or had performed any independent research of public records and have assumed that certificates of or other comparable documents from public officials dated prior to the date hereof remain accurate as of the date hereof.

 

For purposes of this opinion letter, we have further assumed the following:

 

(A)            with respect to our opinion in paragraph 1 below, that at the time of issuance and sale of any of the Offered Common Stock (as defined below), the Corporation has authorized and reserved and made available for issuance a sufficient number of shares of the Common Stock, and that the consideration for the issuance and sale of the Offered Common Stock is cash in an amount that is not less than the par value of the Common Stock;

 

(B)            with respect to our opinion in paragraph 2 below, that at the time of issuance and sale of any Offered Preferred Stock (as defined below), the Corporation has authorized and reserved and made available for issuance a sufficient number of shares of the Preferred Stock, and that the consideration for the issuance and sale of the Offered Preferred Stock is cash in an amount that is not less than the par value of the Preferred Stock;

 

 

DM-Name

 

February 1, 2021

Page 3

 

(C)            with respect to Securities being issued upon conversion of any convertible Offered Preferred Stock, that the applicable convertible Offered Preferred Stock will be validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable;

 

(D)            with respect to any Securities being issued upon exercise of any Offered Warrants (as defined below) or upon settlement of any Offered Unit Securities (as defined below), that the applicable Offered Warrants or Offered Unit Securities will on their date of issuance be valid and legally binding obligations of the Corporation, enforceable against the Corporation in accordance with their terms, except as enforcement thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium, or other similar laws relating to or affecting creditors’ rights generally and by general equitable principles, regardless of whether such enforceability is considered in a proceeding at law or in equity; and

 

(E)            With respect to the Warrants, that the laws of the State of Delaware will govern any warrant agreements with respect thereto.

 

We express our opinion solely with respect to the federal laws of the United States and the laws of the State of Delaware. We base our opinion on these laws as in effect on the date hereof, and we disclaim any undertaking to advise you of any subsequent changes in the facts stated or assumed in the Registration Statement or any Prospectus Supplement or of any subsequent changes in applicable law. We are not rendering any opinion as to compliance with any federal or state antifraud law, rule or regulation relating to securities, or to the sale or issuance thereof.

 

On the basis of the foregoing and in reliance thereon, and subject to the qualifications stated in this opinion, we are of the opinion that:

 

1.            With respect to the Common Stock offered under the Registration Statement (the “Offered Common Stock”), provided that: (a) the Registration Statement has become effective under the Securities Act and the Prospectus and any Prospectus Supplement required by applicable laws have been delivered as required by such laws; (b) the Corporation has duly authorized the issuance of the Offered Common Stock by all necessary corporate action; (c) the issuance and sale of the Offered Common Stock does not violate any applicable law, the Certificate of Incorporation or the Bylaws, does not result in a default under or breach of any agreement or instrument binding upon the Corporation, and complies with any applicable requirement or restriction imposed by any court or governmental body having jurisdiction over the Corporation; and (d) the certificates for the Offered Common Stock have been duly executed by the Corporation, countersigned by the transfer agent therefor and duly delivered to the purchasers thereof against payment therefor, then, and only then will the Offered Common Stock, when issued and sold as contemplated in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus and any related Prospectus Supplement and in accordance with any applicable duly authorized, executed and delivered purchase, underwriting or similar agreement, or upon conversion of any convertible Offered Preferred Stock, or upon exercise of any Offered Warrants in accordance with their terms, or upon settlement of any Offered Unit Securities in accordance with their terms, be validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable.

 

 

DM-Name

 

February 1, 2021

Page 4

 

2.            With respect to the Preferred Stock offered under the Registration Statement (the “Offered Preferred Stock”), provided that: (a) the Registration Statement has become effective under the Securities Act and the Prospectus and any related Prospectus Supplement required by applicable laws have been delivered as required by such laws; (b) the Corporation has duly authorized the issuance of the Offered Preferred Stock by all necessary corporate action; (c) the issuance and sale of the Offered Preferred Stock does not violate any applicable law, the Certificate of Incorporation or the Bylaws, does not result in a default under or breach of any agreement or instrument binding upon the Corporation, and complies with any applicable requirement or restriction imposed by any court or governmental body having jurisdiction over the Corporation; and (d) the certificates for the Offered Preferred Stock have been duly executed by the Corporation, countersigned by the transfer agent therefor and duly delivered to the purchasers thereof against payment therefor, then, and only then will the Offered Preferred Stock, when issued and sold as contemplated in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus and any related Prospectus Supplement and in accordance with any applicable duly authorized, executed and delivered purchase, underwriting or similar agreement, or upon exercise of any Offered Warrants in accordance with their terms, or upon settlement of any Offered Unit Securities in accordance with their terms, be validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable.

 

3.            With respect to the Warrants offered under the Registration Statement (the “Offered Warrants”), provided that: (a) the Registration Statement has become effective under the Securities Act and the Prospectus and any related Prospectus Supplement required by applicable laws have been delivered as required by such laws; (b) the Corporation has duly authorized the issuance of the Offered Warrants by all necessary corporate action; (c) the issuance and sale of the Offered Warrants does not violate any applicable law, , the Certificate of Incorporation or the Bylaws, does not result in a default under or breach of any agreement or instrument binding upon the Corporation, and complies with any applicable requirement or restriction imposed by any court or governmental body having jurisdiction over the Corporation; and (d) the Offered Warrants have been duly executed and delivered by the Corporation and authenticated by the warrant agent therefor pursuant to the applicable warrant agreement and duly delivered to the purchasers thereof against payment therefor, then, and only then will the Offered Warrants, when issued and sold as contemplated in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus and any related Prospectus Supplement and in accordance with any applicable duly authorized, executed and delivered purchase, underwriting or similar agreement, or upon conversion of any convertible Offered Preferred Stock in accordance with their terms, be valid and legally binding obligations of the Corporation, enforceable against the Corporation in accordance with their terms, except as enforcement thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws relating to or affecting creditors’ rights generally and by general equitable principles, regardless of whether such enforceability is considered in a proceeding at law or in equity.

 

  

DM-Name

 

February 1, 2021

Page 5

 

4.            With respect to the Units offered under the Registration Statement (the “Offered Unit Securities”), provided that: (a) the Registration Statement has become effective under the Securities Act and the Prospectus and any related Prospectus Supplement required by applicable laws have been delivered as required by such laws; (b) the Corporation has duly authorized the issuance of the Offered Unit Securities by all necessary corporate action; (c) the issuance and sale of the Offered Unit Securities does not violate any applicable law, the Certificate of Incorporation or Bylaws, does not result in a default under or breach of any agreement or instrument binding upon the Corporation, and complies with any applicable requirement or restriction imposed by any court or governmental body having jurisdiction over the Corporation; and (d) the Corporation has duly executed and delivered the Offered Unit Securities against payment therefor, then, and only then will the Offered Unit Securities, when issued and sold as contemplated in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus and any related Prospectus Supplement and in accordance with any applicable duly authorized, executed and delivered purchase, underwriting or similar agreement, be valid and legally binding obligations of the Corporation, enforceable against the Corporation in accordance with their terms, except as enforcement thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws relating to or affecting creditors’ rights generally and by general equitable principles, regardless of whether such enforceability is considered in a proceeding at law or in equity.

 

This opinion letter is to be used only in connection with the offer and sale of the Securities while the Registration Statement is in effect.

 

We hereby consent to the filing of this opinion with the Commission as an exhibit to the Registration Statement in accordance with the requirements of Item 601(b)(5) of Regulation S-K under the Securities Act and to the use of this firm’s name therein and in the related prospectus under the caption “Legal Matters.” In giving this consent, we do not thereby admit that we are within the category of persons whose consent is required under Section 7 of the Securities Act or the rules and regulations of the Commission promulgated thereunder. This opinion letter is expressed as of the date hereof unless otherwise expressly stated, and we disclaim any undertaking to advise you of any subsequent changes in the facts stated or assumed herein or of any subsequent changes in applicable law.

  

  Very truly yours,
   
  /s/ Duane Morris LLP

 

 

 

EX-23.1 3 tm213941d2_ex23-1.htm EXHIBIT 23.1

  

Exhibit 23.1

 

CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

We hereby consent to the incorporation by reference in the Prospectus constituting a part of this Registration Statement of our report dated March 25, 2020, relating to the financial statements of Annovis Bio, Inc. appearing in the entity’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. We also consent to the reference to us under the caption “Experts” in the Prospectus.

 

/s/ WithumSmith+Brown, PC  
   
East Brunswick, New Jersey  
February 1, 2021  

 

 

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